Sutton, a principal town in the London Borough of Sutton in South London, England, is a fascinating study in population and demography. With a rich history dating back to the Domesday Book of 1086, Sutton has grown and evolved over the centuries, with its population and demographics reflecting these changes.

Population Overview

As of the 2011 census, the population of Sutton was counted as 41,483, while the borough overall counted 204,525. This growth is a testament to the town’s development over the centuries, from a small village with two churches and about 30 houses in 1086, to a bustling town in the 21st century.

Sutton’s growth was spurred by its strategic location on the London to Brighton turnpike from 1755, which led to the opening of coaching inns and spurred its growth as a village. The arrival of the rail in 1847 further accelerated its growth into a town, and it expanded even more in the 20th century.

Demographic Composition

The majority of Sutton’s population falls under the middle-class ABC1 social group. This demographic composition reflects the town’s status as a significant metropolitan centre in the London Plan. The town is home to several large international companies and the sixth most important shopping area in London, centred on Sutton High Street.

Education and Crime Levels

Sutton borough is among the highest performing education authorities in the country. In 2011, it was the top-performing borough for GCSE results in England. This educational achievement is a significant factor in the town’s demographic profile, attracting families and individuals who value education.

In terms of crime levels, Sutton boasts some of the lowest in London. This safety factor further enhances the town’s appeal to families and individuals seeking a safe and secure living environment.


Sutton’s population and demography reflect its history, growth, and development over the centuries. Its strategic location, educational achievements, and low crime levels make it an attractive place for a diverse range of residents, contributing to its vibrant and dynamic demographic composition.